The Secret of the Revolutionary Therapy BM-BCI for Autism is Revealed
BM-BCI therapy for Autism Spectrum Disorder has a huge positive impact on human lives. Think about humans controlling machines with their brains. This seems like a Sci-Fi movie, but it’s becoming a reality through Brain–Computer Interfaces.
The BM-BCI treatment was showed to enhance both attention and visuospatial and memory components. Plus, usability and acceptability rates were satisfying for the target population.
Viewed from an anatomical perspective, autism is a cognitive and neurobiological disorder, which is based on the malfunction of integrative circuits and, therefore, a deficit in the integration of information at the neural and cognitive levels.
BM-BCI for Autism Spectrum Disorder
This treatment is for several conditions, including both neurological and psychological disorders, like attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), anxiety, and Autism Spectrum Disorder. More than that, BM-BCI has also been applied for cognitive enhancement.
BCI using specific electroencephalographic (EEG) frequency bands induce neuroplastic changes and lead to normalization of the mirror neuron system (MNS).
The importance of Mirror Neuron System (MNS) in Autim Spectrum Disorder (ASD)
People with Autism Spectrum Disorder have issues in social and communicative abilities, as imitation, empathy, and shared attention. Also, they have restricted interests and repetitive patterns of behaviors. These deficits damage satisfactory social interactions and prevent children from establishing adequate relations with their family or friends, from the early years.
The autism spectrum disorder is related to autonomic states that favor the misleading interpretation of a neutral environment. Therefore, it can change the normal vagal activity and the withdrawal from social interactions.
Mirror neuron system represents the neurons that “mirror” the actions and behavior of others. The involvement of mirror neuron system (MNS) is connected to the neurocognitive functions (social cognition, language, empathy, a theory of mind) and neuropsychiatric disorders.
With the BM-BCI approach in Autism Spectrum Disorder, the interest is maintained through games and the patients maximize learning and transferability to real-life contexts.
BM-BCI has helped children with ASD by decreasing the symptoms and by self-regulation of brain rhythms
Play is a perfect medium for children to help them in developing their motor skills, communication, problem-solving, and social skills. This may be done through BM-BCI therapy.
The use of BM-BCI for cognitive training may be a field of study within neurorehabilitation settings and is improving patients’ clinical conditions, as well as enhancing neural plasticity.